Lobbying is the exercising of influence where an individual (a lobbyist) attempts to influence a decision of decision-makers (persons lobbied) who are active in the area of designing and adopting legislation and public policies, and does so in a non-public manner and in the interest of an interest group. On 5th December 2010, the Commission established the register of lobbyists.
In Article 4, Point 14, the Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act states: lobbying means the activities carried out by lobbyists who, on behalf of interest groups, exercise non-public influence on decisions made by State and local community bodies, and holders of public authority in discussing and adopting regulations and other general documents, as well as on decisions made by State bodies, the bodies and administrations of local communities, and holders of public authority on matters other than those which are subject to judicial and administrative proceedings and other proceedings carried out according to the regulations governing public procurement, as well as proceedings in which the rights and obligations of individuals are decided upon. Lobbying means any non-public contact made between a lobbyist and a lobbied party for the purpose of influencing the content or the procedure for adopting the aforementioned decisions.”
For lobbying to be legal according to the IPCA, all of the following conditions must be met:
- a non-public contact between the lobbied person and a lobbyist or a representative of an interest group,
- the intention of influencing decision-making within the public sector in matters of public interest,
- the influencing or lobbying is done in the interest, in the name, or on behalf of a certain interest organisation.