Prevention and Integrity
Slovenian model of corruption prevention is designed to – by taking into account conventional standards and basic principles of integrity, transparency and accountability of the public sector for effective prevention of corruption – transcend institutional framework. Act on Integrity and Corruption Prevention (ZIntPK) as a fundamental law in this field systematically and comprehensively incorporates the international concept of a global approach to corruption prevention into practice of the national public sector.
Integrity plan is a tool for establishing and verifying the integrity of the organization. The Slovenian model of integrity plan has been developed on the basis of a compulsory inclusion into and application of international conventions, standards and principles for corruption prevention into national law doctrine. Integrity plan is devoted to:
- identifying relevant corruption risks in different working fields of an individual organization;
- assessment, what danger corruption risks may pose to individual organization;
- determining measures to reduce or eliminate corruption risks;
In the sense of implementation, the integrity plan is basically a systematic and documented process in which all employees are actively involved. They identify risks, analyze and evaluate them and propose appropriate measures, meanwhile they constantly debate and communicate with each other. In the creative process of communication and finding a consensus on possible best solutions all the individuals and organization spontaneously learn together. Moreover, in this way they create and enhance a common (institutional) knowledge and integrity, which is particularly important when solving complex problems, which require cooperation and balanced activity, which is also a characteristic and a necessity of effective prevention of corruption.
INTEGRITY PLAN INTO LIFE
Our experience when training public sector (in strengthening the integrity, preventing corruption, transparency, restricting conflicts of interest) to instruct them how to develop an integrity plan is that all the participants are rather reserved at the beginning on the grounds that there exists many similar strategic tools in the Slovenian public sector, which often don’t give the expected results. However, during the training, when the participants switch from a static listening to an active participation in the debate, the interest for a practical value of developing an integrity plan increases.
Still, we can not talk about the actual results of integrity plans implementation yet, because the updated, second generation of integrity plans is still going through the testing phase. Testing such tools takes at least a year after finishing the implementation. But already in this phase we discovered that by cooperation of participants in process of preparing integrity plans we achieved following aims:
1. Most importantly, not only employees of public sector, but also general public are beginning to talk and think about what they – on individual level – can do to strengthen the integrity of individuals as well as institutions, they work in.
2. With the unified pre-prepared materials (guidelines for preparing integrity plans, guidance, instructions, dictionary, questions concerning the law content, questionnaire, also unified notice, which we prepared for all public sector leaders, so they were able to similarly explain to their employees, what is an integrity plan and why it is so important to prepare it) and combined methodology, we achieved, that all of the persons under obligation, will use unified approach in identifying and managing also other risks for corruption and unethical practices, which may be specific only to their working environment.
3. With so-called »opening days« for integrity plans and option of telephone consulting – both activities organized by the commission – we directly approached persons liable to prepare integrity plans and their profesional fileds of work and, by doing that, achieved two goals: by using personal approach (in some way tailor-made plan of integrity), we got closer to the problems of their area of work and at the same time,we were motivating them, teaching and giving them advises, increasing their awarness and motivation.
4. In cooperation with representatives of different fields of work in the public sector, their associations and custodians of integrity plans we created a network of institutions and individuals, with whom we will be jointly developing an inter-institutional knowledge, integrity, transparency and responsibility of the public sector in order to protect institutional values from corruption risks and other forms of crime.