Lobbying

Lobbying is making influence. It involves situations, when individual person (lobbyist) is trying to influence the decision makers, which are active on certain field in discussing and adopting regulations and public policies, while doing it non-public and in the interests of certain organization.

On 5th of December 2010, when the statutory provision came into force on lobbying for the first time in Slovenia (governing minimum requirements for transparency and monitoring of lobbying activities), the CPC established a register of lobbyists.

Or as stated in the ZIntPK (14th point of Article 4):

"Lobbying" means work of lobbyists who are engaged on behalf of interest organizations in non-public influence on decisions of government bodies, the local authorities and holders of public powers in discussing and adopting regulations and other general documents as well as on decisions of government bodies, the local authorities and holders of public powers in matters other than those subject to judicial or administrative proceedings and procedures carried out in line with the regulations governing public procurement and other procedures deciding on rights and obligations of individuals. Lobbying shall mean any non-public contact of a lobbyist with lobbied persons that has the aim to influence the contents or procedure concerning adoption of the decisions referred to above hereunder."

Integrity and prevention of corruption Act narrows the definition of lobbying: decision makers/“Lobbied persons” are officials and civil servants in government bodies, the local authorities and holders of public powers, while decisions are limited to those, involving adoption of regulations and other general documents and decisions, that are not subject to judicial and administrative procedures, procurement procedures and other procedures in which decisions on the rights or obligations of individuals are made. The law places into the "exerting influence" each non-public contact of a lobbyist with lobbied persons.

LOBBYING EXCEPTIONS

Functioning of individuals, informal groups or interest organizations to influence governmental decision-making bodies and local governments and statutory authorities in the consideration and adoption of regulations and other general acts directly related to issues of rule of law, democracy and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms is not define as lobbying activity.

WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO REGULATE LOBBYING?

Regulation of lobbying processes and determining the rights and obligations of lobbyists as well as “lobbied persons” is essentially aimed at achieving transparency of non-public impact of interest organizations to influence the decisions of the public sector. The CPC has a role to ensure effective control of lobbying.